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BIFGA 21 Variety Trials Orchards

To celebrate BIFGA's 21st Anniversary, the BIFGA 21 "Variety Trial Orchards" were planted (mainly) in winter 2009/10 on 2 sites in Kent: Brogdale Orchards, near Faversham; and, Hadlow College, near Tonbridge. The trees were provided by the four Associate members of BIFGA who supply fruit trees:

Breach J R

Fruit Advisory Services Team LLP.

Matthews Frank

Seabrook W 

In each orchard, there are over 40 different varieties/sports, with 10 trees of each planted. Single trees of most varieties were also supplied to RHS Wisley.

The nurseries concerned have supplied the following information about the varieties/sports which they supplied:

Trees supplied by J R Breach / Pepinieres du Valois

GALMAC

Origin: ACW Research Station, Switzerland
Parentage: Jerseymac x Gala

Tree: good growth; type III (Golden Delicious) with many branches
Flowering: early season

Productivity: good yields for early variety; low susceptibility to alternate bearing; easy thinning;

quickly into first cropping
Fruit: bi-coloured, attractive red; crisp and juicy; sweet and sharper than Gala
Picking: early, 1 week after Discovery

Storage: 1 to 2 months depending on maturity at picking

JUGALA

Origin: sport of Mondial Gala® Mitchgla
Tree: average growth; type III (Golden Delicious)
Flowering: mid season

Productivity: good yields; low susceptibility to alternate bearing; easier to thin than Mondial Gala;

quickly into first cropping
Fruit: carmine red with stripes; very good colour level (as Galaxy); crisp and juicy; sweet taste; better fruit size than Mondial Gala; useful for spreading the picking window
Picking: 5 to 6 days before Mondial Gala

Storage: cold store until December; CA store until March

FUJI SEPTEMBER WONDER® FIERO

Origin: sport of Fuji, USA

Tree: strong growth; type III (Golden Delicious)
Flowering: late-season (as Fuji)

Productivity: Good yields; susceptibility to alternate bearing (as Fuji); rather difficult thinning; quickly into first cropping

Fruit: most coloured of early Fuji clones; crisp and juicy; very sweet, if crop load not too heavy
Picking: 4 weeks before Fuji

Storage: cold store until February; CA store until March

NC1

CHEERFULL GOLDTM

Origin: raised by John Breach in Kent, England, in 1979

Parentage: Cox x Golden Delicious
Tree: strong growth; upright/spreading; dense foliage
Flowering: mid-late flowering; similar to Golden Delicious

Productivity: medium to heavy cropping; easy to thin

Fruit: attractive appearance; red on yellow background; crisp, juicy, firm and dense; outstanding intense flavour; long picking window

Picking: 1st week of October in southern England

Storage: cold store until December

DAIANE

Origin: Brazilian hybrid from Epagri

Parentage: Gala x Princesa

Tree: type III

Productivity: good yield; does not need much thinning, easy to thin

Fruit: very attractive bi-coloured apple, red on yellow; good firmness, with good fruit size, very sweet with good flavour, shape can be inconsistent

Picking: mid-September, as Golden Delicious

Storage: 3– 4 months in cold store

MAIRAC® LA

FLAMBOYANTE

Origin: ACW Research Station, Switzerland

Parentage: Gala x Maigold
Tree: weak to average growth; type III with weeping habit
Flowering: early/mid season

Productivity: very good yields; quickly into first cropping

Fruit: orange red on a yellow background; yellow, firm, crisp and juicy flesh; very good balance between sugars and acidity; aromatic

Picking: between Golden Delicious and Braeburn

Storage: cold storage until March; CA storage until June

ROYAL BRAEBURN

Origin: sport of Braeburn, New Zealand

Tree: weak to average growth; type III (Golden Delicious), with a rather weeping habit
Flowering: 2 days before Golden Delicious; as for Granny Smith

Productivity: very good yields; low susceptibility to alternate bearing; relatively easy thinning;

quickly into first cropping
Fruit: very attractive dark red with many stripes; very firm flesh; sweet and sharp, typical of Braeburn; fruit has very good colour, important stripes resulting in an exceptional appearance
Picking: as Braeburn 1 week after last pick of Golden Delicious

Storage: cold store until March; CA store until June

CAUFLIGHT

Origin: new red selection of Caudle, found at Flightshott Farm, England

Tree: type II—III;

Flowering: similar to Golden Delicious

Productivity: very good yields; low susceptibility to alternate bearing; relatively easy thinning;

quickly into first cropping
Fruit: bright carmine red with many stripes; exceptionally crunchy texture; high levels of juice; sweet
Picking: before Braeburn

Storage: cold store until March; CA store until July

FUJI ZHEN® AZTEC

Origin: sport of Fuji, New Zealand

Tree: strong; type III (Golden Delicious)

Flowering: the same as Golden Delicious

Productivity: good to very good yields; susceptible to alternate bearing after heavy crops; difficult to thin; quickly into first cropping
Fruit: very attractive, highly coloured, red blushed with some stripes; crisp and juicy; sweet with hardly any acid; useful for areas where colouring is difficult

Picking: 20 days after Golden Delicious

Storage: cold store until March; CA store until June

CRIMSON CRISP®

Coop 39

Origin: Bred in USA by Purdue Research Foundation

Tree: average growth; type III/IV between Golden Delicious and Granny Smith

Flowering: average

Productivity: slow to cropping; good yields; low susceptibility to alternate bearing; suitable for organic orchards

Fruit: shiny dark red  colour; firm and fine flesh, with good balance between sugars and acidity; resistant to scab (Vf gene)

Picking: 10 days before Golden Delicious (end of Gala)

Storage: cold store until December; CA store until March; important to store the fruit in CA storage for post Christmas sales

GOLDRUSH®

Coop 38

Origin: Bred in USA by Purdue Research Foundation

Tree: weak once tree starts cropping; type III (Golden Delicious)
Flowering: medium

Productivity: very good yields; low susceptibility to alternate bearing; relatively easy thinning;

quickly into first cropping
Fruit: yellow with a typical russet - resistant to scab (Vf gene) and tolerant to rosy apple aphid

Picking: very late (end of October until 20th November)

Storage: cold store until April; CA store until July; this variety must be sold from February when the skin turns to a strong yellow colour

Trees supplied by Fruit Advisory Services Team LLP

BRAEBURN HILLWELL®

BRAEBURN NAKB

FUJI BENI SHOGUN®

GALAXY GALA

SCHNIGA® GALA

JUNAMI®

KANZI®

RUBENS®

WELLANT®

ZARI

Trees supplied by F P Matthews

BRAMLEY CLONE 20

BRAMLEY ORIGINAL

BRAMLEY EMLA

CHRISTMAS PIPPIN

DISCOVERY

HEREFORDSHIRE RUSSET®

LIMELIGHT

RED DEVIL

RED WINDSOR®

SCRUMPTIOUS®

Trees supplied by W Seabrook & Sons Ltd.

ELSTAR EXCELLENT STAR ®

BRAK FUJI KIKU®8

NICOGREENSTAR®

SANTANA

TOPAZ

APORO® MARIRI RED

DALINCO

BROOKFIELD® GALA

DALINBEL

The following are supporters of the BIFGA 21 orchards, and have provided either cash, equipment, expertise and / or time:

Bayer Crop Science

BASF Ltd.

J R Breach

Clive & Richard Edmed

Fruit Advisory Services Team LLP

Hadlow College

HL Hutchinsons

G & P Kedge

DJ & VL Knight

Koppert UK Ltd.

Masstock

FP Matthews Ltd.

RHS Wisley Garden

W Seabrook & Sons Ltd.

Spitalfields Market Tenants Association

Stevens Farm

V Tanna

Mike Terry

Colin Tompsett

Victoria Farm Ltd.